If the level of testosterone crosses the limit (say >1000 ng/dL), you might think that you will get extra strength, excess muscles, and more sex drive. However, that’s not the case. Although high testosterone causes an increase in muscular mass, you may experience several side effects as well. This article highlights the signs of high testosterone levels in men. Before explaining those signs, let us first understand the significance of testosterone.
Testosterone is a sex hormone produced in the testicles among males, which plays a major role in the development of male reproductive tissues.
Testosterone helps to develop bone mass, muscle mass, strength, and regulates sex drive. Additionally, it is involved in sperm production as well.
Normally, the production of testosterone increases during puberty and gradually decreases with age. Even thyroid function can also affect the testosterone level.
The blood test can easily determine the testosterone level in the body. Since its level decreases gradually during the daytime, this blood test is usually performed in the morning time. This blood test can determine the amount of free testosterone (approximately 2% molecules that are not bound to either SHBG or albumin) circulating in the bloodstream.
According to the American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines, the normal level of testosterone in men would range between 300 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl) and 1000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl).
Levels higher than 1000ng/dl are considered high testosterone levels.
High levels of testosterone can be caused by underlying health conditions that increase testosterone in the body. These conditions include:
Other causes of high testosterone levels include:
Both the pituitary gland and hypothalamus regulate the production of testosterone in males. The most common cause of high testosterone levels in men is testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). However, certain causes such as thyroid disorder, the occurrence of a testicular or adrenal tumor, or taking steroids can increase the level of testosterone.
If your testosterone levels are between 300 and 1000 nanograms per deciliter of blood (ng/dL), this is considered to be within the normal range. However, if your testosterone level exceeds 1000 ng/dL, it is considered to be high.
Here is the list of 7 signs of high testosterone in men:
Elevation in testosterone level can increase the production of sebum in the body, which leads to the development of pimples due to the clogging of excess sebum with dead skin cells followed by its inflammation.
As mentioned already, testosterone level increases during the puberty stage which leads to acne breakouts.
High testosterone levels can reduce your blood pressure level, thereby causing dizziness, fatigue, and headache. It may also increase your blood pressure putting you at a high risk of stroke and heart attack.
An increase in testosterone level may increase excess hair growth in the face, chin, or back region. This excess hair growth becomes very dark and coarse as well. Some people may also experience baldness.
Testosterone plays a vital role in maintaining your mood. An increase or decrease in testosterone level might cause mood swings such as anxiety, irritability, or depression.
An increase in testosterone level can affect the size of the testicle, which leads to a reduction in sperm count due to the shortage in the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) required for sperm production.
It is a sleep disorder where the individual will stop breathing repeatedly while sleeping. The higher the testosterone level, the greater the chance of undergoing sleep apnea which causes signs such as irritability, loud snoring, morning headache, excessive daytime sleepiness, gasping for air during sleep.
Both high and low level testosterone can cause enlargement of one or both breasts. Although breast enlargement can affect anyone, this condition is most common among men aged between 50 and 69.
As mentioned earlier, testosterone levels within the range of 300 to 1000 nanograms per deciliter of blood (ng/dL) is considered normal. Levels exceeding 1000 ng/dL are considered high. However, if your testosterone level is at the higher end of the normal range, you might experience the following benefits:
Testosterone plays a significant role in increasing muscle mass and strength. Having a higher level of testosterone can potentially help you build and maintain muscle more effectively. You might also see a decrease in fat mass as well.
Testosterone plays a crucial role in bone mineral density. As men age, their testosterone levels decline, which subsequently reduces bone density, potentially increasing the risk of developing osteoporosis.
Having higher testosterone levels can potentially improve bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Clinical studies investigating the effects of testosterone on bone density have shown that elevated testosterone levels can lead to improvements in spinal and hip bone density.
Testosterone may play a role in cognitive function, including memory and spatial abilities. There is evidence to suggest that higher testosterone levels may be associated with better cognitive performance in verbal memory and processing speed.
Testosterone is responsible for sexual desire (libido) and sexual function in men. If you are currently undergoing testosterone therapy, you might experience an improvement to your sexual health and performance.
While the impact of testosterone therapy on mood can vary person to person, some have reported that the higher level of testosterone has led to an improvement in mood, a reduction in fatigue and irritability, and improvement to cognitive function.
If you are experiencing the above-listed symptoms, it shows that your testosterone level is high. Hence, you should consult the doctor right away.
To start with, the doctors will treat your symptoms to bring down the effect of high testosterone. They will also make you stop the consumption of medications or steroids that might raise your testosterone level.
At the same time, you should make changes in your lifestyle such as eating nutrient-rich foods and getting regular exercise to bring your testosterone level to normal naturally.
In case, the testosterone spike occurs due to a tumor, the doctor might suggest undergoing a tumor removal surgery.
Make sure to visit the doctor if you are experiencing the above-listed signs of high testosterone.
Here at Noah, doctors on our platform have the right skills and experience to determine whether testosterone level is high, based on your medical history, laboratory test findings, and concerns. We will be carrying a testosterone test kit to check the level of testosterone. After ascertaining the root cause of your high testosterone level, doctors on our platform will recommend the appropriate treatment.
Articles featured on Noah are for informational purposes only and should not be constituted as medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you have any medical questions or concerns, please talk to your healthcare provider. If you're looking for a healthcare provider, click here.